Buehler Custom Sporting Arms LLC

Maker of Fine Sporting Rifles

Category: Uncategorized (Page 1 of 2)

Re-stocking a Winchester 70

This has been a great project. A customer has had this pre-64 Winchester 70, for a while, has hunted with it successfully and built great memories with it. I’m not sure, but I believe he received it from his father. The caliber of the rifle is .300 H&H. He decided to re-stock it with a nice piece of Turkish walnut and dress it up some. I added a checkered bolt handle to it, a barrel sling swivel band and a new Sunny Hill bottom metal. Here are some pictures of the work as it progressed:

The stock was rough carved on a pantograph machine. About 80% of the internal work was done on the machine. In the picture above and bellow I’m in the process of inletting the barreled action into the stock, using hand tools.

The ebony forearm tip has been added and the inletting is completed.

The bulk on the right side has been removed and the cheek piece is taking on shape.

Rough shaping of the stock to the customers dimensions, which where previously determined with our try-gun.

The picture bellow shows the sanded stock with the first coat of finish applied to it, standing next to the original stock. What a difference, wouldn’t you agree?


A bunch of coats later, the stock is ready for checkering.

Checkering in progress.

I left a diamond shaped space un-checkered on the forearm and made and then fit an escutcheon into it. Using the original bushing and screw would have been easier, but the visual effect is certainly nicer this way.


The stock is now pretty much finished, and the barreled action is currently in the process of being rust blued. If you have a rifle, shotgun or combination gun that you would like to have re-stocked, please contact me at (541) 664 9109 or per email at reto@customsportingarms.com . I would love to discuss your project with you.


Custom sight ramps in process

A good customer of mine recently mentioned that he had no idea how many of the parts on my custom rifles are being manufactured by me and where not purchased from suppliers. That made me think that perhaps I should post more often pictures of work in progress. The following pictures I took recently while working on the sight ramps of a rifle in the caliber .404 Jeffery.

I’m starting with a picture of a quarter rib in process for a “Buehler English Express” rifle. First the rib is rough machined, then roughly hand-fitted to the barrel.

Then I machined the dovetail for the rear sight and profiled the rib further. The ribs slightly warp during the machining and require final hand-fitting. The goal is to achieve a great fit, so that the rib can be soldered onto the barrel without adding any stress to the barrel.

A barrel band and the front sight ramp are also fitted at this stage. These parts are also made here in the shop. The picture is of a custom machined front sight ramp, barrel band and the quarter rib, all ready for soldering.

This picture was taken after soldering and before washing off of the solder flux. What a beautiful mess it is at this stage. As long as the parts are very well fitted and the soldering has been meticulously performed, the solder joints are incredibly strong and absorb shock very well. It will last for hundreds of years, as proven by so many old muzzle-loaders.

After the excess solder was removed, I then filed and polished the ramps to the final shapes and installed the sights.

A lot of work, no doubt, but I hope you will agree that the outcome is worth it.





A Buehler English Express rifle in .404 Jeffery

The .404 Jeffery caliber has really made a nice comeback. For good reasons. It is a great performing cartridge and milder in recoil then most of the big game calibers. It has been certainly popular in my shop and I’m happy to present a .404 Jeffery rifle I just finished. This is what I refer to as my model “Buehler English Express”. The owner of this rifle truly enjoys fine walnut and I’m very pleased how this particular stock blank has turned out and hopefully it will give him enjoyment for many years to come.

This picture is of the stock in process.

A lot of work goes into each rifle. Each stock blank is unique and one of a kind. This stock is made of Turkish walnut and has a wonderful natural color. The rifle is equipped with a Leupold scope and a quick detachable scope mount. It also has a removable peep sight that can be stored in the grip cap.


And here are pictures of the end result.






Test firing of new rifles

Finally spring is in the air and the weather is warming up. This has been a long, rainy winter in Southern Oregon. I have been busy finishing up some rifles in recent weeks. One of the most important tasks is the final test firing of each rifle, with the scope and the open sights. Each rifle is carefully tested for accuracy and function before the delivery to the customer.

This picture is of a Ruger #1 in .303 British. It is one of a pair of rifles and is equipped with a set trigger.

The .303 performed wonderful at the range, is very mild in recoil and fun to shoot. The rimmed cartridges are just really well suited for single shot rifles.

This picture is of a Buehler – Mauser 98 in the caliber .416 Ruger. I like that cartridge. It works and feeds beautiful in a standard Mauser 98 action, and the receiver doesn’t need to be opened up for this cartridge. The recoil I find comparable with a .404 Jeffery, perhaps a little stronger, but not too bad.

The beautiful walnut came from Turkey. The receiver is a vintage Mauser Oberndorf large ring, with a Blackburn magazine box .

This rifle is a Buehler – Mauser in 7x 57. The overall styling of the rifle has been based on the looks and features of Holland & Holland rifle of more recent production. The 7×57 is another one of these timeless calibers and is one of my all time favorites.

The receiver is also of vintage Mauser Oberndorf production. And the accuracy of the rifle with factory ammo is fantastic as the 5 shot group at 100 yds. proves.


SCI Convention 2017


Last week I had the opportunity to attend the SCI convention (Safari Club International) in Las Vegas. As in previous years I had the honor to work at the booth of W.J.Jeffery and to represent their company. I also could show off a couple of my rifles at their booth.

It was very nice to visit with my customers that attended the show and it was great to re-connect. The show itself seemed to have low attendance and I actually had the time to see more of it then I have in previous years. As usual, the taxidermy displays where outstanding.

It always is great to see friends at these shows. Over the years I have been able to forge new friendships and make new contacts.

Mike Schwandt & Kendall Nash

Sarah Fernandes and Charles Williams of Williams Fieldsports, LLC. www.williamsfieldsports.com

It always is great to see the fine people at the Hartmann & Weiss booth.

This picture is my favorite. I have admired the works of art and the achievements of Mr. Hartmann (right) and Mr. Weiss (left) for many years. The picture bellow is of Max Ern junior. Despite his young age he is already a master at his craft. Sometimes I wonder if people fully realize how much work, dedication and skill goes into the making of the guns of these German masters. Their guns inspire me, but also humble me at the same time.

D’Arcy Echols and Cambell Smith, ready in the morning for the show to open up.

After being at the show for 4 days and after a long drive home, I’m glad to be back again.













Happy New Year!!

And here we are, in 2017. Happy New Year and best wishes to all of you! I would like to take this opportunity and thank all of my customers for supporting my business and for allowing me to do what I like doing most, the building of custom firearms. It is such a privilege to working with all of you!

2016 has been a bit of a difficult year for me and my family. We certainly experienced a few ups and down and a surgery has kept me from working in the shop for the last 7 weeks. We are however doing really good and I’m delighted to be working fulltime again, praise the Lord!

For us in the gun trade, the new political landscape offers a breath of relief. I don’t expect any new regulations imposed on us for some time to come. This will allow for many of us to plan much better for the future. I hope the country will be able to heal it’s wounds and come back together again.

In 2017 I’m planning to complete a few nice commissions. I have currently in process a .470 side-lock double rifle, a falling block rifle in .17hmr and a few bolt  and falling block rifles of various calibers. A few unusual projects are awaiting attention, among them an Express rifle in .22lr. and a falling block rifle in .218 Bee. There is no shortage of variety. For my personal amusement I’m planning to build in “my time off” an electric guitar, made off walnut and maple. Something that has been floating around in my mind for years.

.500 Jeffery rifle in process.

Well, there is lot’s to be done, lets get on with it.

Happy New Year!






Leather covered recoil pads – a nice touch

On many occasions I have been asked to leather cover recoil pads on guns belonging to customers, or on one of my custom rifles.  If it is done well, it really is a nice upgrade. It glides smooth on the shoulder and many customers have been enjoying the looks and the feel of it. I use almost exclusively natural pig skin. I know of people that have used goat and ostrich skin and achieved great results. Mostly I use on my rifles Pachmayer Decelerator pads. If they are thicker then 1/2″, plugs for the screws can be cut out. On thin pads I cut two small slots into the leather to reach the screws.

So, the first step typically is to soak the leather for a time in water in order to make it more playable. The recoil pad will be installed and ground to fit the stock, then ground further down, to compensate for the thickness of the leather. The plugs are then cut out on the back and everything is being rounded and re-shaped on a disk grinder.


The next step is to stretch the wet leather over the pad.


After the leather has completely dried, I peel the leather off the pad, and glue it on with contact cement. The excess is cut off, but enough is left to tuck it under the pad.


Little cuts are made so that the bottom fold can be glued on smooth. Also the leather is cut at the plug area, then folded and glued into the plug holes.


If all has worked out as desired, the leather is ready to be stained. Plugs are made of rubber and are also leather covered.


One of the final steps is to burnish decorative groves into the leather at the bottom of the pad.


Finally the pad is polished with shoe polish and installed on the gun stock.



The leather covering of recoil pads is one of those odd skills one picks up over the years.


The model Helvetia

Helvetia is the old Latin name of Switzerland, going back to Roman times. In the 17th century it became popular again, and similar to Lady Liberty, “Mother Helvetia” became a symbol of virtuous and vices of the confederacy.

I would think many immigrants have the desire to honor their roots and would like to be good representatives. So to pay homage, I named the first completely in house build rifle model “Helvetia”.

I always loved the European break open single shot rifles. When a pre-war Merkel 180 Carpathian rifle arrived at the shop, I was captured once again and decided to make a rifle very similar. Over the course of over 2 years I devoted one day a week to computer drafting and the building of several parts sets and finally to the first complete rifle.

The rifle is based on a traditional Anson and Deeley box-lock with a Purdey style under-bolt and Greener third fastener.



The pictures above are of the machining of the first receivers. The receivers where milled to profile and the internal slots cut with an EDM process.


As always the case, different manufacturing methods will be employed in the future, as it evolves.


Milling of the barrels presented a challenge in itself. The picture is of milling a barrel with an octagon profile and full length rib. With a project like this, it seems more time is spent building special set-ups then the actual gun. So it is wise to plan for several pieces versus one of a kind.


Many hours of filing and fitting where spent on the first rifle. This one is in the caliber 8×57 IRS.


The really fun part is to file up the action and barrel. This is the creative stage of a project like this.


Many hours later, the picture above is of the rifle roughly shaped by filing and chiseling the fences.


Fast forward, the picture above is of the rifle roughly stocked. This one has a 22″ long barrel, a two piece full length forearm and an automatic ejector system.

lf side finished

After the stocking the receiver and parts where sent to John Vukos for engraving. He engraved it with a fine English rose and scroll pattern.


After many hours of labor the receiver was finished by color case hardening and the barrel and parts where rust blued.

8x57 IRS single shot rifle

These rifles are the ultimate take down and can be taken apart in seconds. Because of its light weight I find they are best suited for standard calibers, such as for example a 7x57R. Traditionalists such as myself would prefer a rimmed cartridge, but the extractor can be modified for rimless cartridges. In the future I would like to offer a sidelock version as well. They are available with and without automatic ejector and stocked with short or full length forearm.















Two mighty .600 NE. rifles

Over the years I have had many chances to work on some really interesting guns. Firearms built by the top English and European makers are coming regularly through the shop for this or that reason. Recently we received a vintage W.J.Jeffery double rifle in the caliber .600 Nitro Express. I took the liberty and asked my photographer, Brian Dierks, to take a couple of pictures.


This rifle weights a whopping 14 1/2 pounds and has 24 ” barrels. Jeffery developed the .600 NE cartridge, but made only about 25 rifles in this caliber.


The rifle features automatic ejectors and the classic Jeffery under lever. It was made  in Birmingham and has all the typical Birmingham features.

At one point this rifle had seen professional restoration and is all in all in fantastic shape.


Last year we had another W.J.Jeffery .6oo NE rifle in the shop. This rifle didn’t have automatic ejectors but was also of excellent quality and in original condition.



I think the rifle was made by Leonard in Birmingham, as the action is shaped in their typical style. It weights 14 pounds and also has 24″ barrels.

These rifles are really neat and rare, but I found the handling of them heavy and a bit cumbersome. Personally I would prefer a double in .470 NE. and with the top lever versus the under lever.

Political effects on the American gunsmith

On July 22 the Obama administration filtered down through the State Department a new ITAR  (International traffic in arms regulations) “policy guidance”. As is often the case in this political climate, no new laws where issued, just existing  regulations where tweaked to further assist the political left and their gun banning agenda. The new definitions will require that nearly all companies involved in basic gunsmithing operations have to register with the State Department as firearms manufacturers and pay an annual registration fee currently set at $2250. This despite the fact that most are not defined under BATF rules as manufacturers or exporters of firearms.

ITAR regulates the export of primarily heavy armament, such as tanks and missiles. Yet it all comes down to the definitions of defense articles, and the bureaucrats have decided that companies such as mine fall under this clause.

I have had a gun manufacturing license for several years and have been registering with the State Department already for as long. The new rules  will not immediately re-impact me, but for thousands of gunsmiths this will be a huge change. No doubt, many micro businesses won’t be able to comply and especially for start ups, this will make it almost impossible. Possibly many home based businesses might get also into conflict with zoning laws. As usual, when the left meddles in the private sector, effects of their actions ripple through small companies and hardly impact any of the big ones. Just like with the coal miners in PA, there is no doubt in my mind that the left will further pursue to drive out any business sector that they don’t like. If you like your gunsmith, you can keep your gunsmith, right?

I never intended to make this blog site political and I would much rather write about fine guns and gunmaking. However, sometimes a person needs to take a stand. If you care about the second amendment and still have representation in Washington, it would be good to inform your representatives of these new rules.

For further information please visit the State Department website:



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